The coffee press has different names all over the world, but it most commonly referred to simply as the French press – because of its origins, presumably. It is a very simple and effective way to make coffee, and doesn’t even require electricity or a fire per se’, as it’s used as a special mug to mix coffee and boiling water, and to later filter out the grounds.
Using one of these manual machines is quite simple but requires some preparation beforehand. Most importantly is the coffee to be used: the French press requires a rougher blend than other machines. This is because its integrated filter has bigger holes, meaning that a fine blend of grounds will pass though the filter and make the coffee undrinkable. There are several French-press-specific grounds which can be purchased and those are advised; for a better flavor though, I encourage you to grind your own beans right before brewing. Another thing to prepare before you can brew your coffee is the water; water needs to be boiled separately in either a boiler or kettle. I’ll underline that the water needs to be boiling.
To start brewing, you will first pour the coffee grounds in the beaker, with the filter removed. Then pour the boiling water in (the best way to do this is to pour a little water at first, just enough to cover the grounds and waiting a few seconds until it foams up and then pouring the rest of it). Ideally, an ounce of coffee should accompany 3 cups of water – but it all depends whether you want a stronger or weaker mix. You then stir everything with a spoon for several seconds, and then place the filter into place. The next step is to wait 3-4 minutes and then pumping the filter down (with the top handle) a few times to squash the beans and extract the most out of them. Final step is to have the filter pushed down and while pouring the coffee in you mug.
There are only 2 negative outcomes and they both have simple solutions. One case is when you feel your coffee to have too many grains of coffee: it means your grounds were too fine and need bigger ones next time. Number two happens if you leave the coffee in the coffee press for too long (over 10-15 minutes): the coffee beans get burned, making your coffee taste too bitter (though some may actually prefer it this way).